What is sport climbing? Sport climbing is a type of rock climbing that deploys the use of permanent anchors and pitons drilled into the surface of the climbing rock for the sole purpose of the climbers’ protection, and ropes are attached and clipped to the climber anchors to prevent a fall. Sport climbers are professional that uses quickdraws to attach themselves to anchors, these quickdraws contain two carabiners and a dogbone for connecting. 

It is also the climbing of short distances with a crash pad underneath as a form of protection as against climbing where climbers must use removable protection as they climb higher. 

Gears in Sport Climbing 

What is sport climbing?
Source: Olympics

For a climber who wants to safely sport climb, then you must posses all or most of the gears below;

  1. Climbing rope: 

Climbing rope is a very important gear you should have, as it would enable you climb successfully. Ideally, you should get ropes of about 9.5 mm to 9.8 mm.

  1. Climbing helmet: 

Safety helmet is very essential, usually you should procure a helmet strong enough to protect your head in extreme cases.

  1. Climbing shoes: 

A good climbing shoes is part of climbers top gears. Usually its advised you pick a shoe that has rough braces so as you provide enough friction for grip. Furthermore, it is advisable that you select a shoe that you are  comfortable on.

  1. Climbing harness: 

Harnesses can be tricky but they are key to a successful climb. You have to pick one that provides that comfort and fit you expressly.

  1. Quickdraws

The most important in climbing gears, the quickdraw’s two connected carabiners provides protection to the climbers by enable them attach their ropes to the anchor.

  1. Other gears: 

There are other climbing gears that are not as a necessity as the aforementioned, having or not having them would not affect your climbing experience. They include topographical maps and guidebooks, chalk bag, climbing bag and rope bag.

Sport Climbing Terms

  1. Anchor 

An anchor is a device for attaching a climber onto the climbing surface, an anchor can permanently or temporary keep a climber up, usually for protection purposes. 

  1. Lower-Off 

Lower-off is normally attached to two independent anchor, with purpose of bearing the weight of the climber as he lowers downward.

  1. Quickdraw

A quickadraw consist of two carabiners linked together by a strong and sewn sling. Usually, one carabiner is attached to the bolt, allowing it dangle freely, and the rope being clipped into the other carabiner.

  1. Carabiner  

The carabiner is a D-Shape metalic ring with a spring-hinge side, especially in mountain climbing it serves to connect and to hold freely a running rope.

  1. Bolt    

Bolts in rock climbing serves as a form of permanent anchor. It is usually affixed into a drilled holes on the rock as a form of hold the carabiner in place as a way of ensuring protection.

  1. Hanger

The hanger is a protruding metallic piece that is attached to the rock surface using the bolt. Sometimes, the bolt and hanger are incorporated into a single device and called bolt and hanger. 

  1. Clipping

A rope is clipped unto the carabiner that is then attached to the climber end. Then the rope runs along the climbing wall and back out through the carabiner of the climber.

  1. Flash 

This is the route you take through the climbing process. Usually from the ground to the peak without leaning on the rope.

  1. Beta 

This is the specific direction or special instruction on ways on how to start and finish a climb


Sport climbing is an exciting sport for those who enjoys the thrill of climbing a mountain or other high surface. These set of people possess strong athletic prowess that enable them start and finish such feat without breaking a sweat. 

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